In Indiana, when a child is born out of wedlock, paternity may be established one of three ways:
(1) signing of an affidavit, which is typically completed at the hospital when the child is born;
(2) entering an agreement between the parties in a court proceeding; or
(3) completing a court ordered DNA/genetic test.In addition to establishing paternity, a paternity case is used to determine custody of the child, establish a parenting time arrangement, and calculate child support. These order establish the rules the parents must abide by until the child is 18 years old. It is important for parents of child born outside of a marriage to both know his/her rights and protect those rights. Parents all too often go to court in paternity cases without representation and find themselves facing adversarial opposing parties or counsel. This can result in unfavorable rulings that can have a significant impact on both you and your child or children.

Paternity cases can be filed by the biological mother, a man who believes he is the father of a child, or a prosecutor and are filed in the county in which either the mother, father, or child reside. In order to file a paternity case in Indiana, a filing fee must also be filed which ranges from $120 to $200 in the metropolitan Indianapolis area.

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